What is Rosacea?
Rosacea is a skin condition that results in the expansion of blood vessels and redness of the nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead. Along with redness, the skin can develop small acne-like bumps and become thick around the cheeks and nose. Though the condition is not usually harmful, many individuals seek treatment to improve their appearance and confidence.
What Causes Rosacea?
Rosacea can be brought on by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Those with a family history of rosacea, fair skin, and women are more likely to develop the condition. Environmental factors that increase blood flow to the surface of the skin can trigger or worsen rosacea. These factors might include:
- Spicy foods
- Extreme hot or cold
- Sun exposure
- Emotions (stress, anxiety, embarrassment)
- Certain blood pressure medications
Rosacea treatment often involves avoiding its triggers, but if symptoms do not improve, further treatment from a dermatologist might be needed. Your dermatologist might recommend an oral or topical medication to improve symptoms. Laser therapy can also be helpful to minimize blood vessels and reduce redness. If a severe thickening of bumpy skin appears, a cosmetic surgery might be needed. For some, rosacea can lead to dry eyes. This can be treated with artificial tears or other moisturizing eye drops.
Along with avoiding triggers that could cause a flare-up, those with rosacea should protect their skin from the sun and avoid irritating products on the skin. This can help to prevent a future flare-up after treatment.
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